The current status of inflation in Nigeria has affected almost everything in the market. Ranging from foodstuffs, clothing prices, and almost everything else have been affected by the high inflation rate in the country. Now, anybody who is embarking on a project that involves going to the market to purchase materials would first have to conduct a market survey, to ascertain the current prices in the market, following the rapid increase of prices. The recent naira inflation has affected non-household items too, including building materials which would be the major focus in this article.
This article is designed to help anyone who wants to know/verify the present cost of building materials in Nigeria, either for a building project or for new business startups or just for a survey. This article will give detailed information on what you would expect in the market or something close to it. Below I will outline some of these products based on the brands, so you would have an idea of what your preferred brand would cost in the market or something close to it. I usually use the term “something close to it” because prices vary depending on the location you are in or your region in Nigeria.
Asking for cost of building materials require you know list of materials needed to start and complete a building. The prices of these materials have been included in this article.
list of Building Materials
Building a house from start to finish requires a wide range of materials, including but not limited to the under listed:
- Foundation materials: excavation equipment, concrete, rebar, forms, and drainage pipes.
- Framing materials: lumber, roofing trusses, beams, and sheathing.
- Roofing materials: shingles, underlayment, flashing, and ventilation.
- Exterior finishes: siding, brick, stucco, and trim.
- Windows and doors: frames, glass, and hardware.
- Plumbing materials: pipes, fittings, valves, and fixtures.
- Electrical materials: wiring, junction boxes, switches, and outlets.
- HVAC materials: ductwork, vents, and HVAC units.
- Insulation: fiberglass, cellulose, or foam insulation.
- Drywall: sheets, tape, mud, and sandpaper.
- Flooring materials: subflooring, hardwood, tile, carpet, and vinyl.
- Paint and finishes: paint, primer, varnish, and sealant.
- Fixtures and appliances: sinks, toilets, showers, bathtubs, cabinets, and kitchen appliances.
Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, and the materials required may vary depending on the specific design and features of the house being built. Additionally, various tools, equipment, and labor are also required for construction.
Current Prices of Building Materials in Nigeria 2023
The first building material we will be looking at today is cement.
This is one of the most needed building materials to get your structure started. They usually come in 50kg bags. Without it, there is no building structure as it is the main item needed to hold a structure together. In Nigeria, there are different brands of cement, and you may have your own preferred brand. The prices of cement may differ from brand to brand. For example, the most common brand of cement in Nigeria is Dangote cement, and it is costlier than the other brands, like Ibeto and Eagle cement.
The brands with their various prices, both in wholesale and retail are listed in the table below:
|S/N||CEMENT BRAND||RETAIL PRICE||WHOLESALE PRICE PER 600 BAGS|
All the prices listed above were meticulously studied to arrive at an actual price at which it is now being sold. As previously indicated, prices may fluctuate from those shown above depending on your location in Nigeria.
Stones are yet another essential building material that must be used when constructing a concrete structure. They are long-lasting, fireproof, and are in charge of laying a solid foundation when construction. They come in many shapes and sizes, and each shape or size of stone serves a specific role in construction.
Aside from laying a stable foundation, some stones, such as granite, can be utilized for adornment.
These stones are sold by the ton. The table below provides thorough information on the current prices of these stones based on their nature.
|S/N||TYPE OF STONE||PRICE PER 30 TONS|
|1||Granite||200,000 – 270,000|
|2||Gravel||150,000 – 180,000|
|3||Chippings||180,000 – 200,000|
When building a structure, sand is significant. It can be used to create mortar for layering bricks as well as to construct blocks. Sand has numerous textures, and each one has a distinct application while building or doing construction work. One sort of sand can also be used in place of another type of sand. Some, though, are simply preferred to others.
Sand is sold in Nigeria in trips or tons. The majority of oven sand is sold in twenty (20) to thirty (30) ton quantities.
The table below contains each type of sand used for building and how much they cost currently
|S/N||TYPE OF SAND||CURRENT PRICE IN NAIRA (30 TONS)|
|1||Sharp Sand||70,000 – 110,000|
|2||Plaster Sand||40,000 – 70,000|
|3||Soft Sand||60,000 – 105,000|
CMU stands for Concrete Masonry Unit, which is a more technical word for a building block. People frequently confuse construction blocks for bricks and vice versa, although the two are not interchangeable. A brick is made of clay that is hardened by being fired or baked in a kiln. Bricks are often harder or more durable than blocks. Blocks, on the other hand, are formed of cement and sand and are chemically hardened. However, they are both intended for the same reason. They are required to provide structure to your construction.
Blocks are often utilized in Nigeria instead of bricks. People who are starting a construction project prefer to produce their blocks rather than buying ready-made blocks. This is because it is less expensive. Seventy (70) to one hundred (100) concrete blocks are expected to be made from a bag of cement.
Individuals who wish to do little construction jobs such as erecting a dwarf fence to indicate borders or fixing a broken wall, on the other hand, frequently opt to purchase ready-made blocks. These blocks are available in a variety of sizes, all of which are measured in inches. A nine-inch chunk will cost you at least between 150 and 170 Naira, while a six-inch block will cost you somewhere between 100 and 160 Naira. They’re available in block industries. Also, the price range may be different depending on your location or region.
They are a crucial part of a structure. They’re commonly utilized as flooring in bathrooms, restrooms, kitchens, and other areas where water is regularly used. Tiles can now be used in several different ways, even as designs. It’s also been seen on tabletops, walls, and side stools.
Tiles are available in different sizes, designs, and materials. Ceramic tiles are the most prevalent type of tile in Nigeria. Other types, such as porcelain tiles and granite tiles, are still available.
We’ve broken down the pricing range of these tiles into sizes in the table below. These costs were meticulously studied, and the prices you’ll find in the market will be within these rates listed below.
|S/N||TYPE OF TILE||PRICES IN NAIRA|
|1||Granite Tiles||30 × 30||5,000 – 5,500|
|40 × 40||6,000 – 6,800|
|30 × 60||5,000 – 6,000|
|60 × 60||7,500 – 8,000|
|2||Unpolished Porcelain Tiles||40 × 40||2,500 – 3,050|
|30 × 60||3,500 – 4,000|
|3||Polished Porcelain Tiles||30 × 30||2,300 – 2,800|
|40 × 40||2,700 – 3,000|
|4||Vitrified Tiles||30 × 30||1,000 – 1,500|
|40 × 40||1,200 – 1,700|
|30 × 60||1,400 – 1,700|
|5||Ceramic Tiles||30 × 30||1,200 – 1,500|
|40 × 40||1,400 – 1,800|
The table above shows all of the many types and sizes of tiles available on the market, as well as their current prices. These tiles are available in packs and are also sold in packs.
This is one of the most important materials used in the construction of a building. It is used in conjunction with reinforced concrete to strengthen and hold a building’s structure together. Steel rods are the foundation of any concrete building structure. TMT steel or TMX steel is the best iron rod for construction. Their high strength and ductility make it simple for construction workers to create storey buildings or lay foundations.
These steel bars are available in a variety of sizes. The sizes required are determined by the design criteria of the building under construction as well as the material’s strength.
Steel rods are sold in tons, with the number of tons varying based on the steel diameter. The table below shows the pricing of the steel per unit and sizes of steel rods per ton.
|S/N||STEEL/IRON ROD||PER TON||PRICE PER UNIT|
|1||6 mm||376 Pieces||1,000 – 1,250|
|2||8 mm||210 Pieces||2,000 – 2,400|
|3||10 mm||134 Pieces||3,000 – 3,300|
|4||12 mm||93 Pieces||4,500 – 4,800|
|5||16 mm||52 Pieces||8,000 – 8,700|
|6||20 mm||34 Pieces||11,000 – 13,000|
|7||25 mm||21 Pieces||18,000 – 21,000|
|8||30 mm||15 pieces||28,000 – 31,000|
These are used to make house shades. Tin, aluminum, zinc, copper, and other metals can be used to make roofing sheets. Aluminum and zinc are the most often used roofing sheets in Nigeria. Because of its durability and budget-friendliness, aluminum is generally preferred.
Roofing sheets, as one of the most significant building materials necessary for a construction project, are constantly in abundant supply in the market. They are available in a variety of styles, designs, and sizes.
The table below contains detailed information on the type of roofing sheet you will see in Nigeria and their prices in Naira.
|S/N||ROOFING SHEET||PRICE IN NAIRA|
|1||Stone-coated Roofing Sheet||Milano design||3,600|
|Wooden shake design||3,600|
|2||Aluminum Roofing Sheet||Long span||2,300|
|3||Fiber Britment roofing sheet||Long sheet||3,400|
|4||Swiss Roofing Sheet||–||5,000|
It is important to decide on which roofing sheet to use before you start working on roofing your house. This is because wood work for each type of roofing sheet is different.
Since the birth of civilization, wood has been used as a flexible building material. The two most frequent types are hardwood and softwood. Softwoods are used to make doors, chairs, window frames, tables, and almost any other type of wooden furniture you can imagine. Hardwood, on the other hand, is utilized for more difficult tasks such as house construction, wall construction, and flooring.
In Nigeria, wood is marketed based on its length, width, and type. The table below indicates the type of wood available on the market, its size, and the market price at the time of writing.
|S/N||TYPE OF WOOD||CURRENT PRICE IN THE MARKET|
|1||Hardwood||2 × 6||1,700 – 2000|
|2 × 4||900 – 1400|
|2 × 3||600 – 800|
|1 × 12||2500 – 3500|
|3 × 4||1300 – 1600|
|2 × 2||500 – 650|
|2||Softwood||2 × 4||800 – 900|
|2 × 3||450 – 600|
|1 × 12||1,700 – 1,800|
|2 × 2||400 – 600|
|3||Plywood||3/4 × 4 × 8||8,700 – 10,000|
|1/2 × 4 × 8||7,500 – 8,000|
|White plywood||5,500 – 5000|
|Marine plywood (low quality)||8,500 – 9,500|
|Marine Plywood (high quality)||15,500 – 16,000|
|MDF 2400 × 1200||14,500 – 16,000|
|HDF 2400 × 1200||17,500 – 19,000|
This is primarily utilized to reduce the amount of radiation absorbed by a roofing sheet, as well as the dispersion of light and sound waves throughout the room. They also add beauty to a home by concealing the woodwork of the roofing sheet. For this, they come in a variety of stunning styles and kinds. Consider the Plaster of Paris (POP), which is the definition of a sophisticated piece of art.
In most parts of Nigeria, you will find an array of ceiling finish styles. The table below lists the several types of ceiling finishes available in Nigeria, as well as their current costs.
|S/N||TYPES OF CEILING||CURRENT PRICE RANGE IN NAIRA|
|1||Acoustic Suspended Ceiling||8,000 – 10,000|
|2||Wall angle/hanger||700 – 1,000|
|3||POP performed ceiling board||6,200 – 8,000|
|4||POP cast in place||13,000 – 15,000|
|5||ORAC POP cornices||12,400 – 14,500|
|6||UPVC ceiling strips||15,000 – 16,500|
|7||Wall screed||1,100 – 1,500|
These ceiling finishes are marketed in various units; for example, wall screed and POP cast in place is sold per square meter. UPVC ceiling strips are offered in bundles, the price listed in the table above is for a bundle. The acoustic suspended ceiling is sold in packs.
Windows and Doors:
Windows and doors are another vital part of a structure. They are designed to provide ventilation in a building as well as an outside view for individuals who live inside. They also add to the attractiveness of a building while also providing some type of security. Doors allow people to enter and exit a building.
They are available in a variety of styles and are priced based on quality and size. The table below shows the current market prices for doors and windows.
|S/N||TYPES OF DOORS||CURRENT PRICE IN THE MARKET|
|1||Domestic wooden doors||6,000 – 8,000|
|2||Imported security double door||50,000 – 60,000|
|3||Imported Turkey wooden door||20,000 – 30,000|
|4||Imported Chinese wooden single door||12,000 – 18,000|
|5||Imported Chinese double wooden door||30,000 – 40,000|
|6||Flush plywood low density door||5,000 – 6,000|
|7||Flush plywood high density door||9,000 – 11,000|
|8||3 feet steel door (50mm)||15,000 – 35,000|
|9||3 feet steel door (70 mm)||18,000 – 35,000|
|10||4 feet steel door (50mm)||26,000 – 40,000|
|11||4 feet steel door (70 mm)||30,000 – 50,000|
|12||3 feet steel door (9 inches)||36,000 – 50,000|
|13||4 feet steel door ( 9 inches)||50,000 – 70,000|
|14||3 feet kitchen door||30,000 – 35,000|
|15||4 feet kitchen door||50,000 – 60,000|
|16||5 feet kitchen door||52,000 – 70,000|
|17||3 feet armored door||80,000 – 100,000|
|18||4 feet armored door (9 inches)||150,000 – 200,000|
|19||4 feet armored in door||400,000 – 450,000|
|20||5 feet armored door||190,000 – 250,000|
|21||PVC toilet door||10,000 – 20,000|
|22||Regular toilet door||15,000 – 25,000|
|TYPES OF WINDOWS|
|600 × 600 mm bronze – glazed||7,000 – 8,000|
|600 × 600 mm aluminum covered||7,000 – 8,000|
|600 × 750 mm bronze glazed||9,000 – 10, 500|
|600 × 600 mm bronze glazed||7,000 – 8,000|
|600 × 750 mm bronze glazed||7,000 -8,000|
|600 × 600 aluminum covered||4,000 – 6,000|
|600 × 600 mm bronze glazed||6,500 – 8,000|
|600 × 750 mm bronze glazed||7,000 – 8,000|
|600 × 600mm aluminum covered||3,500 – 5,000|
|1,500 × 1, 200||8,000 – 9,500|
|750 × 750 mm||1,500 – 2,000|
|1800 × 1200||9,000 – 10,000|
In conclusion, there are no government agencies in Nigeria that regulate building material prices. As a result, prices may vary from one region to the next, as well as from one dealer to the next. It would also be determined by your ability to properly negotiate with the merchant, as well as the quantities and quality of items you will be purchasing. This article provides its readers with the current price range of different building materials in the market.