A question tag is a type of question often found at the end of a statement. It is used to change a statement or sentence to a question when it is added. Question tag is a common device in conversation which is aimed at making a statement and at once ask the listener to confirm it.
Before mentioning the rules guiding the use of question tags, it is important to differentiate between a positive statement or sentence and a negative statement or sentence. A positive statement or affirmative sentence is a statement or sentence without, ‘no, ‘not or ‘never in its verb elements.
A negative statement or sentence is one which has, ‘no’, ‘not or ‘never in its verb elements.
Question tag is also known as conversation question. There are rules guiding use of question tags which are:
Rules For Using Question Tags
There are 7 major rules guiding the use of question tags. See them below as well as their examples.
2) Negative statements attract positive question tags (1.e., question tags without ‘not’)
3. The auxiliaries or helping verbs repeat themselves in the tag
4. Other verbs (main or lexical ) use do in the tag
5. The subject in the tag is always a pronoun and a reflection of the subject in the statement or sentence of which it was added.
6. The positive forms ‘need and ‘dare are rarely used in the affirmative with question tags, but when so used, they are treated as full or main verb.
7. ‘I am’, usually has the tag, “aren’t? and,” used to , has a question tag with, “did”
Question Tag: Exercise I
Question-tag: Exercise II
The rules guiding the use of answer-tags are:
2. Negative answers (i.e., no or never) always attract negative answer-tags i.e., tags with ‘not’ or ‘no’ in their verb elements).
Hence, it is wrong in English language to say Yes, I’m not, or No, I’m.