English Language lesson note for SS2 First Term is now available for free. The State and Federal Ministry of Education has recommended unified lesson notes for all secondary schools in Nigeria, in other words, all private secondary schools in Nigeria must operate with the same lesson notes based on the scheme of work for English Language.
English Language lesson note for SS2 First Term has been provided in detail here on schoolings.org
For prospective school owners, teachers, and assistant teachers, English Language lesson note is defined as a guideline that defines the contents and structure of English Language as a subject offered at SS level. The lesson note for English Language for SS stage maps out in clear terms, how the topics and subtopics for a particular subject, group works and practical, discussions and assessment strategies, tests, and homework ought to be structured in order to fit in perfectly, the approved academic activities for the session.
To further emphasize the importance of this document, the curriculum for English Language spells out the complete guide on all academic subjects in theory and practical. It is used to ensure that the learning purposes, aims, and objectives of the subject meant for that class are successfully achieved.
English Language Lesson note for SS2 carries the same aims and objectives but might be portrayed differently based on how it is written or based on how you structure your lesson note. Check how to write lesson notes as this would help make yours unique.
The SS2 English Language lesson note provided here is in line with the current scheme of work hence, would go a long way in not just helping the teachers in carefully breaking down the subject, topics, and subtopics but also, devising more practical ways of achieving the aim and objective of the subject.
The sudden increase in the search for SS2 English Language lesson note for First Term is expected because every term, tutors are in need of a robust lesson note that carries all topics in the curriculum as this would go a long way in preparing students for the West African Secondary Examination.
This post is quite a lengthy one as it provides in full detail, the English Language-approved lesson note for all topics and sub-topics in English Language as a subject offered in SS2.
Please note that English Language lesson note for SS2 provided here for First Term is approved by the Ministry of Education based on the scheme of work.
I made it free for tutors, parents, guardians, and students who want to read ahead of what is being taught in class.
SS2 English Language Lesson Note (First Term) 2023
FIRST TERM SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS2
|2||Word associated with human body system and function|
– Consonant clauses
– Expository essay: – controlling HIV/AIDS in Nigeria
|3||Word associated with health|
Noun phrase and functions
Word associated with building and building construction
|5||Unstressed vowels sound|
Argumentative Essay: – should female circumcision should be abolished or military rule is better than civilian rule
|6||Plural forms of nouns|
|8||Adjectives and adverbs|
Expository Essay: – scientific writing on a report of an experiment carried out by a student or a laboratory report
Analysis of complex sentence
Letter writing: features and format of a Formal letter
WEEK ONE SS2
TOPIC: NOMINALIZATION OF ADJECTIVE AND VERBS
Nominalization is an academic grammar tool which is used to turn verbs and adjectives into nouns.
Example: Exercising is essential for good health in this example, we have turned the verb “exercise” into a noun so that it can serve as the subject of the sentence.
Nominalization function just like nouns: as subjects and objects of verbs and preposition.
Also, in linguistics, nominalization or nominalisation is the use of a word which is not a noun (e.g. a verb, an adjective or an adverb) as a noun or as the head of a noun phrase, with or without morphological transformation. The term can also refer specially to the process of producing a noun from another part of speech.
How Nominalization are formed:
Example: The Fiber in apples helps with digestion.
Nominalizations are formed by adding a suffix to the original verb or adjective.
A suffix is a meaningful segment that is added into the end of a word. Unlike prefixes, suffixes can change the part of speech of a word.
Example: The suffix – tion changes the verb digest into a noun: digestion.
More examples are:
ance / ence (permanent – permanence)
ing (eat – eating)
ness (healthy – healthiness)
ment (enjoy – enjoyment)
tion (assimilate – assimilation)
Formation of verbs from Adjectives
WEEK ONE SS2
TOPIC: CONSONANT SOUNDS /j/ and /ʋ/ /jʋ:/
Consonant sounds are sounds that are produced when there is an obstruction in the air stream. The obstruction can be partial or total. The English consonants according to Roach (2002) are sounds that obstruct the flow of air through the vocal tract.
Consonants could also be described in mainly articulating terms because they usually involve contents of speech organs in their description. These sounds are produced with the air which originates from the lungs called “Pulmonic egressive air” and passes through the vocal tract. These are twenty-four (24) consonant sounds in English language. Each has its mode of articulation.
The consonant sounds are divided into two: (i) voiced sounds (ii) Voiceless sound
Voiced sounds: these are sounds produced when the vocal cords vibrate in the course of their production, in order words, some English consonants are voiced sounds. There are fifteen (15) voiced sounds in English.
They are: /b/, /d/, /g/, /j/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /v/, /w/, /z/, /ʒ/, / j /, /d/, /dʒ/
Voiceless sounds are sounds produced when the vocal cords do not vibrate in the course of the production. Meaning, some English consonant are produced when the vocal cords do not shake while producing them. These sounds are termed “voiceless sound”. There are nine (9) voiceless sounds in English, they include: /t/, /k/, /p/, /f/, /s/, /ts/, /h/, /ʃ/, /ɵ/
/j/ – approximant or semi vowel, palatal. This sounds like vowel /i/ it occurs in words that start with letter “y” as in
year /j: (r)/
It can also appear in the pronunciation of words like:
duty /dju:ti/ news /nju:z/ student /stju:dənt/
knew /nju:/ muse /mju:z/ pew /pju:/
huge /hju:dʒ/ sue /sju:/ unique /ju:nik/
WEEK ONE SS2
TOPIC: SUMMARY WRITING
Summary writing is primarily concerned with starting so much in very few words by removing superfluous and expanded details.
Also, summary writing is concerned with producing a bridged versions of a given text or passage so that all the salient issues are brought out. It also involves writing down a brief and concise account of a long passage.
There are four main things students have to note in order to write a good summary. These are:
- Brevity: this demands that the student must be brief and concise in their answers. There is no room for the use of flowering language or any other additional information aside from the main points.
- Relevance: thus, calls for a candidate’s answers to be relevant to the points mentioned in the passage. Students are not expected in summary writing to give any fact or point outside the passage, however relevant they think the fact or point is
- Proper courage of the passage: this demands that students must read and understand every aspect of the passage.
- Clarity: this means that students are expected to put down their answers clearly.
WEEK 2 SS2
TOPIC: CONSONANT CLUSTERS
This refers to when two or more consonants occur together in a word without a vowel between them. E.g. street, slump etc.
It can be found at the beginning (initial) middle (media) or end (final) of words,
In many Nigerian languages, there are no consonant clusters, but in English, there may be initial cluster of two, three or four consonants in a word without an intervening vowel.
Two consonant sounds in initial position: examples are bride, dwell, crime, flame, spice, play, crop etc.
Crust /krᴧst/ trickle /trikl/
Stay /stei/ cradle /greit/
Scheme /ski:m/ graph /grᴂf/
Fruit /fru:t/ prince /prins/
Tree /tri:/ drop /drↄp/
Give eight examples of consonant clusters in the initial position and transcribe your examples.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE WEEK TWO SS2
TOPIC: COMPREHENSION/STRUCTURE/SPEECH WORK/VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT
Comprehension is a process of reading, understanding and explaining what is written in a passage. For every comprehension exercise, there must be a passage to be read. The purpose of comprehension exercise is to test students’ understanding of a given passage. In comprehension, the thought of the writer is presented to students for reading, understanding and explaining.
Useful Hints on SSCE Comprehension
SSCE comprehension is to test students’ understanding of the passage. After reading the passage, you interpret or explain the content of the passage in your own words. It is when you do this that you claim to have understood the passage. Although you are at liberty to make use of words from the passage, you must be careful not to be too reckless in copying down the portion of the passage which you feel answers the questions.
Always restrict your answer to you understanding of the passage. No one is interested in your personal opinion of the topic discussed in the passage. In addition to this, you are not concerned with the correctness of the facts or information in the passage. You should not allow beliefs or opinion to affect your reactions or answer to the passage.
Step-By-Step Approach to SSCE Comprehension
SSCE comprehension demands a careful step-by-step approach. Majority of the students who fail comprehension exercise fail because they are in a hurry to answer without taking time to understand the passage. The suggested step-by-step are the following:
- Read the passage very carefully and make sure that you understand the passage. This may take you more than one reading, depending on your skill and ability to read and understand the passage. The first reading will intimate you with the subject matter or theme of the passage. Read the passage for the second time and take note of the attitude of the author of the passage to his subject. After the second reading, you may read the questions in order to know the main points emphasised in the passage. Then go for the third reading of the passage and not the significant points that answer the questions on the passage.
The reading of the passage must be done quickly with full attention in order to have a total understanding of the passage. It is after understanding the passage that you can now go back to the questions and start answering them.
- In putting down your answer, they need not be written in sentences, unless otherwise stipulated but make sure you give only one answer to a question.
- Though you are free to use the words from the passage in your answers, you must be able to use your own words or expression to show your understanding of the passage.
- Where your answer should show comparison between two or more things mentioned in the passage, your answer must indicate or show the comparison.
- Where you are asked to substitute a word or phrase in place of some underlined words in the passage the word must fit in perfectly in terms of meaning and collocation.
- When you are substituting a word or phrase with another word or phrase, if the word or phrase is an adjective or noun or in a particular tense, your answer should be in a similar form.
- Your answer, if taken as a whole, must make sense before any part of it is accepted for scoring.
- You must take pains to spell your words correctly. Though you may be pardoned for wrong spelling of words in comprehension answers, except if it is woeful, it shows your diligence if you spell your words correctly.
- Your answers must be error-free grammatically, too.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE WEEK 3 SSS 2
The crowding of consonant sounds within the same environment before the insertion of a vowel sound in words is consonant cluster. It is the coming together of more than one consonant sound in a word. It can be easily identified if the transcription is done. It can appear at different locations – initial, medial or final position, but the common ones are initial and final position. It can be expressed as (ccc) (vccc) that is 3 consonants may come before vowel and up to 2 consonants may follow the vowel.
2 consonant clause words
Initial (ccv) Medial (vccv) Final (vcc)
Play after shift
/plei/ /a:fta/ /sift/
Twinkle master risk
/twi:kl/ /ma:ster/ /risk/
- Consonant cluster words
Initial (cccv) Final (
ENGLISH LANGUAGE 3RD WEEK SSS2
TOPIC: ESSAY WRITING
Writing is a form of persuasive communication. There is always a point of view to project and which the writer wants the reader to understand. In order words, we write for a reader. The success of writing is therefore best judged by how well the reader understands the message we are trying to send by writing.
Writing is one of the most significant features if a literate society. It is the use of language in its written form. The writer’s opinion is the thesis, which indeed an essay should contain organised materials properly synthesized constitute good writing.
THE QUALITIES OF A GOOD WRITING
The qualities of a good writing have been discussed in varied forms. However, we find these noted in Ebele Eko (1987) more encompassing and exhaustive than others. They are
- ECONOMY: Economy in this sense means conciseness. To ne concise is to utilise the minimum number of words to express an idea in a sentence without loosing any detain. Also a good writing should be concise in the number of sentences in a paragraph and in the number of paragraphs in a piece of writing. A good writing should not emphasise economy at the expense of clarity and accuracy. Redundancy of words, sentences and paragraphs should be avoided.
- SIMPLICITY: The language of a good writing should be simple. It should not be too difficult to understand. To achieve this, the writer should avoid the use of rare and complex vocabularies: and long complex sentences which could be broken down into several well arranged simple sentences. What should engage the writer’s mind is how well his message is delivered and understood. Anyway, writing is done for someone else to read.
In all, a good writing should be straight forward and easily understood.
- CLARITY: Clarity is another important quality of a good writing. A writer should express his subject of discussion as clearly as possible. He should have the ordinary readers in mind. He should be eager to invite more people into his field. This can be best done by demystifying the subject with the use of language which does not convey obscurity and vagueness of ideas. No matter how technical and abstract a subject might be a writer should be able to give the reader information and instruction that are simple, clear, direct and therefore effective, useful and educative. This goes a long way to show that the writer has adequate knowledge of his subject.
- THE ESSAY OUTLINE
Longer essays require elaborate outlines. These outlines can occur in any of the two forms – topic and sentence outlines. The topic outline is shorter. It sets down points or ideas in stages without explaining. The sentence outline is more restricted and more specific in its directives.
The form of the outline
Stage I – Formulate the thesis and establish the purpose of the essay
Stage II – Write down the major ideas or topic sentences each directly connected to the thesis as major paragraph
Stage III – Sub-divide each topic sentence into sub-paragraphs, each dealing with just a point.
State IV – (a) Complete the subdivision and write complete sentence (b) Revise the essay ensuring the topic of the presentation (c) Adhere to the outline
Types of Essay
- Narrative Essay
- Descriptive Essay
- Argumentative Essay
- Expository Essay.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE 6TH WEEK SS2
Stress means the extra force usually applied when pronouncing a particular word or syllable. In other words, it refers to a property of syllables which make them stand out as more noticeable than others.
Stress can also be described as the contrast between different degrees of breath – force given to syllables in English.
Stress embraces three clear categories. They are word stress, sentence stress and emphatic stress.
Word stress is more or less fixed. Each word possesses strong/weak stresses which is content words in English. These are Nouns, Adverbs, Verbs and Adjectives. It begins strongly at the beginning of the stress and dies down at the end of the syllable. It is often made with stable pitch.
In speech we use words of one, two or more syllables. In any words of more than one syllable, one syllable is stressed and the other syllable normally has a lesser degree of stress. In English, there are three degrees of stress:
- Primary / strong stress
- Secondary stress
- Unstressed / weak syllable
Stress placement is shown
(i) By either placing a mark (‘) at the beginning of the stressed syllable, for example ‘contest con’test.
(ii) OR by capitalizing the letters of the stressed syllable: for example, CONtest, contest.
It is a syllable pronounced with greater or much effort. It is indicated by placing a STROKE (‘) or top before the syllable sound to be stressed but in this work, the stressed shall be written in capital letter
Primary stress on
1st syllable 2nd syllable 3rd syllable
CAPtain comMAND democratic
RUbber supPORT teleVIsion
PAINter reJOICE inhiBItion
JOURney meTAlLIC acaDEmic
SUBject humILITY pessiMIStic
inVENT deVOTE recede
ENGLISH LANGUAGE WEEK SEVEN SS2
Summary writing is concerned with producing a bridge version of a given test or passage so that all the salient issues are brought out. It involves a critical analysis of a given text to determine the purpose of a writer and using that as a point of departure to form an opinion on the subject within the prevailing socio-cultural circumstances.
For SSCE candidate, summary questions require the candidate to express ideas in one or two sentences depending in the question.
Steps to summary writing
Certain skills are required for a successful summary writing exercise!
- Good vocabulary development is essential in carrying out the task.
- Write in sentence: summary answers should be written in sentences. When the student writes a preamble (a kind of introduction to his sentence) to his answers, the preamble must flow into the sentences.
- Short and concise answers: summary answers should be short and concise. Avoid inclusion of irrelevant extraneous materials in every scoring answer. Limit your answers only to inform available in the passage.
- Use your own words: in writing down your answers make us of your own words and expressions as much as possible. You are not expected to engage in mindless lifting of words and expressions from the passage.
- Use good grammar: summary answers should be written down in good grammar and expression. Make sure that your answers are devoid grammatical and expression errors.
Class works: New Oxford secondary English course for senior secondary schools page 38.
Assignment: New Oxford secondary English course for senior secondary schools page 52-53.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE WEEK 8 SSS 2
TOPIC: PART OF SPEECH
An adjective is described as a word that qualifies or modifies nouns and pronouns.
Adjective generally, give more information about nouns and pronouns – in items of the attributes such as quality, colour, quantity etc. Such words come nearer to the nouns they modify than all other elements that modify such nouns.
TYPES OF ADJECTIVES USES
There are two uses of every adjective, namely: (i) Attributive use (ii) Predicative use
- ATTRIBUTIVE USE: An adjective used with a noun is known as attributive use.
Examples: beautiful girl
- PREDICATIVE USE: An adjective used with a verb is known as predicative use.
Examples: she is afraid
He is alive
They are dead
He looked happy
KINDS OF ADJECTIVES
Adjectives are divided into ten types namely:
- Adjective of quality
- Adjective of quantity
- Adjective of number
- Demonstrative adjective
- Distributive adjective
- Interrogative adjective
- Possessive adjective
- Emphasizing adjective
- Exclamation adjective
- Proper adjective
- ADJECTIVE OF QUALITY: Is the adjective that is used to talk about the quality of a person or a thing.
Example: Wealthy, regional, industrial, fundamental, elementary, primary
E.g: The Yoruba is a regional language
He is a wealthy person
Kafanchan is an industrial city
- ADJECTIVE OF QUANTITY: An adjective used to talk about the quantity of things.
Examples: little, much, enough, no, any, whole, some, all, great, half, sufficient
E.g. There is a little milk in the jug
My father earned enough money
He showed much courage in the war
- ADJECTIVE OF NUMBERS: An adjective used to talk about the number of things or persons is known as adjective of number.
Examples: fine, few, no, many, all, some, most, several, first, any, one.
E.g: She wrote six papers for her B.A
Only a few people are kind to the poor
I got first class in my B.A
All students passed in the exam.
- DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVE: An adjective used to point out which person or thing we speak about is known as demonstrative adjective.
Example: this, that, these, those
E.g: This book is very interesting
That girl is very beautiful
Those flowers are lovely
- DISTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVE: Is an adjective used to refer to each and every person or thing separately
Example: each, every, either, neither, any, none, both
E.g. Each boy was awarded a diploma
Every Nigerian is entitled to adult franchise
Every citizen should love his motherland
Neither party has got majority in the recent elections
Neither country accepted the treaty
- INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE: An adjective used to question is known as interrogative adjective.
Example: what, which whose
E.g: What advice shall I give you?
What language do you teach at college?
Which place do you wish to visit?
Which poet do you like most?
Whose photograph is this?
Whose hand writing is this?
On whose recommendation did you apply for this post?
- POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE: is an adjective used to talk about ownership or possession.
Example: my, your, our, his, her, its, their
E.g: Your father is a doctor
My mother is a teacher
Our country is Nigeria
His wealth was lost
Her husband died in an accident
All their daughters were married last year.
An adverb is a word which modifies the meaning of a verb and adjective or another adverb
Examples: She writes quickly
Bukola is very smart
He explained the poem fairly well
KINDS OF ADVERBS
Adverbs are divided into eight kinds on the basis of their use
- Adverb of manner
- Adverb of place
- Adverb of time
- Adverb of frequency
- Adverb of certainty
- Adverb of degree
- Interrogative adverb
- Relative adverb
- ADVERB OF MANNER: An adverb used to show how an action is done is known as an adverb of manner. Example: quickly, bravely, happily, hard, fast, well clearly, soundly, probably, possible, evidently, unfortunately, luckily, sadly
E.g: They lived happily
Bukola walks gracefully
She speaks fluently
- ADVERB OF PLACE: Is an adverb that is used to show where an action is done.
Example: here, there, up, down, near, below, above, away, out, in, everywhere, backward, within, by.
E.g. I went there
She stood near the gate
Please come here
- ADVERB OF TIME: An adverb used to show when an action is done is known as adverb of time.
Example: now, then, today, tomorrow, early, soon, still, yet, before, late, ago, lately, daily, already, never, since, formally.
E.g. My father is not at home now
She will come here soon
She came late yesterday
- ADVERB OF FREQUENCY: An adverb used to show how often an action is done is known as adverb of frequency.
Example: once, twice, often, never, always, occasionally, again, frequently, seldom, sometimes
E.g They talked to each other again
We visited Jos twice
They never go to films
- ADVERB OF CERTAINTY: An adverb used to show definiteness of the action is known as an adverb of certainty
Example: surely, certainly, definitely, obviously
E.g. surely, she loves me
I shall certainly help you
Janet is obviously very cleaner
ENGLISH LANGUAGE WEEK NINE SS2
COMPREHENSION: reading a passage in New oxford secondary English SS2 page 62 unit 9.
Class work: answer the comprehension question in unit 9
Structure: Complex sentences: analysis of complex sentences
The complex sentence is a combination of the main clause and one or more subordinate clause(s)
Ex: I prayed before I left
She came as soon as she heard
The analysis of a complex sentence
- Find out the principal clause
- Find out the subordinate clause
- Identify each sub – clause as noun clause, adjective clause and adverb clause
- Explain how each sub-clause is related to the principal clause
- And finally analyse both the principle and sub-clause as you analyse a simple sentence
Bukola told me that she would marry me
- Bukola told me – main clause
- That she would marry me – noun clause, object of the verb “told”
When I received my salary I went to Lagos where the zoo was situated.
- I went to Lagos – main clause
- When I received my salary – adverb clause of time modifying the verb “went”.
- Where the zoo was situated – adjectival clause, qualify the noun ‘Lagos’
I believed that she had married the person whom she had loved
- I believed – main clause
- That she had married the person – noun clause object of the verb “believed”
- Whom she had loved – adjectival clause qualify the noun ‘person’
THE ANALYSIS OF A COMPLEX SENTENCE
|THE CLAUSE||KIND OF CLAUSE||CONNECTIVE||SUBJECT WORD + ATTRIBUTE||VERB||OBJECT + ATTRIBUTE||COMPLEMENT||ADVERBIAL QUALIFI|
|Bukola told me||Principal clause||That||Bukola||Told||Me|
|That she would marry me||Noun clause object of the verb “told”||That||She||Would marry||Me|
|I went to Lagos||Principal clause||I||Went||To Lagos|
|When I received my salary||Adverbial clause of time modifying the verb “went”||When||I||Received||My salary|
|Where the zoo was situated||Adjectival clause of time modifying the verb went||Where||The zoo||Was situated|
|I believed||Principal clause||I||Believed|
|That she had married the person||Noun clause object of the verb “believed”||That||She||Had married||The person|
|Whom she loved||Adjective clause qualifying the noun “person”||Whom||She||Had loved|
TOPIC: SPEECH WORK: SYLLABLE
Syllable is a unit of sound composed if a central peak of sonority (usually a vowel) and the consonants that cluster around this central peak.
A syllable is also that part of a word, which is said with one breath or pulse. It is the smallest unit of speech, which can be pronounced at once. It usually contains one vowel and some consonants e.g. in ‘baby’ there are two syllables, each containing a consonant and a vowel /beil/ and /bi/.
Words and syllables
Words may be classified in the bars of the number of syllables they have. It could be one syllable, two or more than two syllables. There are three (3) categories of syllables namely.
Monosyllable Words: words that are made up of one syllable. Every monosyllable word which makes its counterpart, i.e. structural words to be stressed is when they appear in isolation e.g.
Prepositions – on, in, of, etc
Conjunctions – and, but, etc
Pronouns – she, he, you etc
Other monosyllabic words – man, go, book etc
Disyllabic words: words which are made up of two syllables. One of the two syllables gets stressed which the second has its quality reduced.
Disyllabic words can receive the stress placement on the first or second syllable depending or the state and class of the word. Nouns usually receive their stress placement in the first syllable while verbs receive them on second syllable.
Word Noun Verb
Export EXport export
Desert DEsert deSERT
Convict CONvict conVICT
Refuse REfuse reFUSE
Also, adjectives are stressed on the first while verbs are stressed on the second syllable. E.g.
Word Adjective Verb
Frequent FREquent freQUENT
Absent ABsent abSENT
Polysyllabic Words: words with more than two syllables. Importantly the stress placement changes as the word class of the word changes e.g. examination, impossible, generation etc.
Activity: Write out five words each for the following types of syllable
- Monosyllabic words
- Disyllabic words
- Polysyllable words
WRITING A PLAY OR POEM
When one intends to put ideas, information findings or opinions down in paper for the purpose of storage for potency, utmost care and caution need to be taken by the writer to ensure that the intention is perfectly communicated and the readership duty considered.
Stages in the creative writing process
- Deciding on a theme and genre: taking a decision on what to write about and the genre to adopt for your writing is an important exercise towards a fulfilling writing process or career.
- Language Usage: Writing involves using the words of a language. A writer must therefore be versatile in the language he chooses to write in. perhaps the fact needs to be stressed that the quality of any writing is largely assessed in the basis of language. Therefore, a writer should be at home with the rules of punctuation, spelling and grammar of the language for correct usage. A writer should also be conversant with the connotative use of words in the language apart from the normal meaning.
- Research: another prewriting activity which is common to all writing is the choice of a subject. Some experts are of the view that a writer should write only things he knows while others one of the views that he should write also in those things he does not know by researching into them.
Activity: the students would be grouped to write on any of the genres of literature
ENGLISH LANGUAUE WEEK 10 SSS 2
TOPIC: LETTER WRITING
A letter is a writing communication sent by post or messenger. These two persons might be living in the same town, city, country or may as well be living in different countries.
Types of Letters
Letter writing is divided into two major types
- Formal letter
- Informal letter
This is an official type of letter. In most cases, the persons, involve in this type of letters are not known to each other. They may not have met in their lifetime. Everything about this later is formal / official. The writer has to mind his/her language and tone. This letter could be from one pension to a group of people e.g. letter for employment or (letter from a group of people of an individual) e.g a letter from a community to their local government chairman.
Features of Formal letter
The following has to be put into consideration when writing a formal letter
- Two addresses
- Title of the letter
- The body of the letter
- The language has to be formal
- The tone of the letter has to be respectful and polite
- The need to be straight forward and brief
- Answers must be given to all question asked.
1.Two Addresses: In a formal letter, two addresses are required from the writer his/her own address and the address of the addressee. (The person he/she is writing the letter to)
4, Mohammed Way,
P.O Box, 2641,
14th June, 2014
The Personal Manager,
Sumal, Food Limited,
14, Oluyole Industrial Estate,
- Salutation: The common salutation used in a formal letter are: Dear Sir or Dear Madam as the case may be.
- Tittle of the letter: Every formal letter has a tittle.it is this that shows or tells from the beginning what the letter is all about.
- The body of the letter: Ina formal letter, the language has to be formal. Also, formal letter does not allow the use of slang and sweet mounting. The tone has to be respectful. This is because the writer may not know the age of the addressee, and he/she might not take it kind. If the tone is not courteous. The formal type of letter is known for its straight forwardness, there is no need beating around the bush. Where questions are asked, you must give details to every question asked.
- Subscriptions: The common subscription used in a formal letter is Yours faithfully, you sign your signature before writing your name at the end of the letter.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE 10TH WEEK SSS 2
TOPIC: PHRASAL VERB
Phrasal verbs are derived from a combination of a verb and other particles like the adverb and preposition.
Examples of phrasal verbs are:
Phrasal Verbs Meaning
- Account for give good reason
- Back out withdraw, refuse
- Carry out perform, obey, fulfil
- Catch up with over take
- Clean up mess
- Die down become gradually calmer and
finally, disappears (riot, fires)
- Deal with tackle a person
- Get back recover, reach home
- Hand over surrender authority
- Give away give something
- Hold up stop, delay
- Jump up accept
- Pull off succeed
- Move in move oneself from a flat
- Take after resemble
Examples in sentences
- You must account for what you spend
- He promised to help me but he backed out later.
- You must carry out my orders
- He carried out the hazardous task and won the appreciation of all
- The lorry driver tried to catch up with the car.
- Malians must try to catch up with other nations in technology
- I asked Tayo to clean up the stains on my shirt.
- I tried to get my money back from him.
- Please wait here, I will get back soon
- She does not know how to deal with her husband
- I heard the cries of the patients and they died down soon
- He handed over the charge to the newly elected chairman.
- The chief guest gave away the prizes to the winners.
- I gave away all the money to my friend
- We were held up by heavy traffic yesterday.
- They dumped at the offer happily and asked the state government to finalise the project
- The electronic company pulled off the project and earned huge profits
- This flat is very small so let us move into a spacious one
- Bukola takes after her mother.
Hope you got what you visited this page for? The above is the lesson note for English Language for SS2 class. However, you can download the free PDF file for record purposes.
If you have any questions as regards English Language lesson note For SS2 class, kindly send them to us via the comment section below and we shall respond accordingly as usual.