Agric lesson note for JSS1 First Term is now available for free. The State and Federal Ministry of Education has recommended unified lesson notes for all secondary schools in Nigeria, in other words, all private secondary schools in Nigeria must operate with the same lesson notes based on the scheme of work for Agric.
Agric lesson note for JSS1 first Term has been provided in detail here on schoolings.org
For prospective school owners, teachers, and assistant teachers, Agric lesson note is defined as a guideline that defines the contents and structure of Agric as a subject offered at SS level. The lesson note for Agric for SS stage maps out in clear terms, how the topics and subtopics for a particular subject, group works and practical, discussions and assessment strategies, tests, and homework ought to be structured in order to fit in perfectly, the approved academic activities for the session.
To further emphasize the importance of this document, the curriculum for Agric spells out the complete guide on all academic subjects in theory and practical. It is used to ensure that the learning purposes, aims, and objectives of the subject meant for that class are successfully achieved.
Agric Lesson note for JSS1 carries the same aims and objectives but might be portrayed differently based on how it is written or based on how you structure your lesson note. Check how to write lesson notes as this would help make yours unique.
The JSS1 Agric lesson note provided here is in line with the current scheme of work hence, would go a long way in not just helping the teachers in carefully breaking down the subject, topics, and subtopics but also, devising more practical ways of achieving the aim and objective of the subject.
The sudden increase in the search for JSS1 Agric lesson note for First Term is expected because every term, tutors are in need of a robust lesson note that carries all topics in the curriculum as this would go a long way in preparing students for the West African Secondary Examination.
This post is quite a lengthy one as it provides in full detail, the government-approved lesson note for all topics and sub-topics in Agric as a subject offered in JSS1.
Please note that Agric lesson note for JSS1 provided here for First Term is approved by the Ministry of Education based on the scheme of work.
I made it free for tutors, parents, guardians, and students who want to read ahead of what is being taught in class.
JSS1 Agric Lesson Note (First Term) 2023
Agricultural science 1st term
Scheme of work
|1||Meaning and Importance of Agriculture|
|2||Meaning and Importance of Agriculture II|
|3||Forms of Agriculture I|
|4||Forms of Agriculture II|
|5||Crop plant forms|
|6||Crop plant forms|
|7||MID TERM BREAK|
|8||Aquatic and terrestrial plant|
|9||Classification of crops ; Biannual ,perennial|
|10 and 11||Revision|
Topic: MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
Meaning of Agriculture
History of Agriculture
- What is Agriculture?
Agriculture means all the activities involved in rearing of animals and cultivation of crops for man’s and the nation’s benefits. The word agriculture was derived from two Latin words which are ‘agar’ and ‘culture’ meaning ‘land’ and ‘cultivation’. Agriculture is often defined by many people as the cultivation of land. As a science, it deals with the systematic study of plants and animal lives in their environment and seeks to provide natural conditions for them so as to produce the best quality which are used directly or indirectly by man
- HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agriculture began when man started to exist on earth. The early men lived by gathering wild fruit and hunting wild animals because they are wanderers. The type and quantity available at that time was irregular and uncertain and was subject to the prevailing weather and luck. They continued with this nomadic life until large population of the families and properties necessitated the building of huts, so they changed from their nomadic way of life to a more settled life. Agriculture and its practices i.e farming started by accident about 12,000 years ago, when the early men discovered that seed and other propagative parts of remains of their food germinate, grow to maturity and reproduce their kinds, they also discovered that certain animals were friendly, so they began to domesticate them. Moreover crops and animals from different parts spread to other countries by the early missionaries, explorers and traders. Agriculture has undergone significant developments since the time of the earliest cultivation. The Fertile Crescent of Western Asia, Egypt and India were sites of the earliest planned sowing and harvesting of plants that had previously been gathered in the wild. Independent development of agriculture occurred in northern and southern China, Africa’s Sahel, New Guinea, parts of India and several regions of America. Agricultural techniques such as irrigation, crop rotation, the application of fertilizers was developed soon after the Neolithic Revolution but have made significant strides in the past 200 years. The Haber-Bosch method for synthesizing ammonium nitrate represented a major breakthrough and allowed crop yields to overcome previous constraints. In the past century, agriculture in the developed nations, and to a lesser extent in the developing world, has been characterized by enhanced productivity, the replacement of human labor by synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, selective breeding, and mechanization. The recent history of agriculture has been closely tied with a range of political issues including water pollution, biofuels, genetically modified organisms, tariffs, and farm subsidies.
Meaning and importance of Agriculture
- Branches or Scope of agriculture
Importance of agriculture to individual farmer, the community and the nation
- Provision of Food: Man needs food daily, for growth, the repair of body cells, and for energy to the body. Agriculture is the main source of food for a nation. Without food, all human activities will slow down and eventually die.
Arguably, the most important aspect of agriculture is that it’s the source of the world’s food supply.
The plant and animal products used as food by man include vegetables, fruits, fish, meat, eggs, milk, cereals, and many others.
- Employment Opportunities: Agriculture and other Agro-allied industries provide employment opportunities for the youth.
- Source of Income: Agriculture is a major source of income to the farmers, through the sale of their agricultural products like tomato, yam, livestock, in the local markets.
Farmers selling Yam and Tomato in the Market.
- Provision of Clothing: Agriculture provides clothing materials for man from agricultural products, like cotton, wool, and animal skin.
- Production of Important Medicines: Some vegetable plants such as Ugwu, bitter leaf, and stems of some plants are very effective in treating different types of ailments.
- Provision of Shelter: We need shelter to protect us from wild animals and weather conditions such as heat, rain, and cold.
Trees provide wood which is used for building materials and for making furniture, while leaves, straws, and palm fronds are used for roofing.
Importance of Agriculture to the Nation.
- Provision of Raw Materials for the Agro-Allied Industries: In Nigeria, the cotton lint and dyes produced by the farmers are needed by textile industries, the feed mills convert maize and cassava into feed for domestic animals, cocoa is used for food and beverage industries. Agriculture provides these Raw Materials which are used by our local industries.
- Tourism and Recreation: Places of interest attract tourists from within and outside the country. Agriculture provides not only the tourism industry resources for food consumption, but also the background for attractions in rural environments.
- Employer of Labour: The federal government has planned to ban the importation of rice in order to promote the production and consumption of locally produced rice. The people who engage in agriculture are called agriculturalists. About 70 percent out of hundred Nigerians are Farmers. Agriculture is the most important work of many Nigerians.
- Foreign Exchange: Before Petroleum was discovered, Nigeria depended almost entirely on the export of agricultural raw materials for foreign trade. The money received for the sale of these raw materials is termed ‘foreign exchange’. Foreign exchange helps in the proper growth and development of a nation.
Agricultural products like oil palm, cocoa, cotton, groundnut, etc, are exported to other countries such as England, Holland, and Germany, which brings foreign exchange to Nigeria.
- Expansion of Market: Industrial products such as simple farm tools, machines, and chemicals are consumed by the agricultural sector.
WEEK 4 and 5
Topic: Forms of Agriculture Introduction
Agriculture is defined as the cultivation of the land to produce crops and the rearing of animals for man’s use. Agriculture has many branches. The form of agriculture practiced in an area depends on the size of the farm, purpose, availability of land, the type of soil in the area, topography of the land and the prevailing climatic condition.
Crop Farming : A crop is a plant grown for a specific purpose. Farming is the centre of activity where land is cultivated for the production of either plants or animals or both. Crop farming therefore involves the cultivation of land for the production of useful crops for the benefit of man. When different types of crops are planted on the same piece of land, it is called Mixed Cropping. Crops that may be planted are maize, cowpea,yam, cocoa yam, groundnut, soya bean,tomato, pepper, okra, sorghum and some perennial crops.
Horticulture: This is the study of how to grow fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants. It is a special branch of crop science which is not well developed in Nigeria. Those who specialize in the production of fruits, vegetables and flowers are called horticulturists. Fruits and Vegetable grown by horticulturists include citrus, pawpaw, mango, guava, cashew, pineapple, plantain, garden egg, tomato,lettuce, cabbage, pumpkin, cucumber, cashew, banana. Ornamental plants grown are hibiscus, croton, rose flowers, zinnia, hyacinth, iris, lily, Queen of the night. Ornamental crops are used for beautifying our surroundings.
Livestock farming: This is the system of keeping or rearing different farm animals for different purposes. Animals commonly kept include cattle, poultry, sheep, goats, pigs. Livestock farming may be settled (ranching) or unsettled (normadic herding).
Bee Farming :Apiculture or Bee farming is the process of deliberately keeping or culturing bees in wooden boxes or hives for different reasons.
Types of Bees
1.Solitary Bees – Most bees in the world are solitary. Mated female live alone in a hole or burrow into well drained soil or soft brick mortar. They have a short life span.Adults live for about 6 to 8 weeks. They do not sting because they do not store honey. Solitary bees are used for pollinating flowers.
2.Bumble Bees – These bees live together in colonies and store honey and pollen in wax as food to be used in time of food shortage. There are two types; Bombus bumble bees and Cuckoo bumble bees. Bombus have three social class, a female queen, partially developed female workers and male drones. A colony can contain 1 queen, 300 workers and few drones. Cuckoo have the males and females living separately except during the period of mating. They have no workers.3.Honey Bees – They live as a large colony in a large cavity or man made hives. They have three castes, 1 queen, 70,000 wokers and300 male drones. At the centre, the queen bee lays eggs which developinto workers. The drone eggs are laid later. A typical honey bee hive may contain1 queen250 t0 300 drones20,000 female forages40,000 female house bees5000 to 7000 eggs7000 to 11000 larvae being fed16,000 to 24,000 larvae developing into Eggs
Importance of Bee Farming
1.Bees are pollinators of crops and this is important for genetic stability
2.Bees are kept for honey, bee wax, pollen and propolis which are used for food, medicine or manufacturing other products
3.The social life of honey bee colony provides a strong basis for the study of the structure of societies
4.Bees are used for research and education
Fishery : This is a special area of Agriculture which deals with the production and management of fish and other aquatic animals of agricultural importance. Such animals include lobster, squids, shrimps, cray fish, oyster, prawns, periwinkles and crabs. These animals are rich sources of protein.
Snail Farming or Heliculture : Snails are invertebrates with soft bodies that are covered with hard calcareous shells. They belong to the phylum called mollusca. Heliculture, commonly known as snail farming, is the process of raising land snails specifically for human use, either to use their flesh as edible escargot, or more recently, to obtain snail slime for use in cosmetics, or snail eggs for human consumption as a type of caviar.
Importance of Snail farming*.
- Source of Protein – Snail meat has high protein of about 37% – 51%.
- It contains almost all the essential amino acids*.
- Source of Iron – The iron content ofsnail is 45 -59mg/kg. This high iron content is considered in the treatment of anaemia*.
- Treatment of different ailments – Snail can be used for the treatment of whooping cough, ulcers, asthma, high blood pressure, constipation, poor eye sight and pile.
- *.Preparation of Animal feed – The shell of snail contains phosphorus and calcium and it can be crushed for the preparation of animal feed.
Parts of a Plant | Functions of Plant Parts
A plant is made up of many different parts. The three main parts are: the roots, the leaves, and the stem. Each part has a set of jobs to do to keep the plant healthy. The roots absorb water and minerals from the soil and anchor the plant in the ground. The stem supports the plant above ground, and carries the water and minerals to the leaves. The leaves collect energy from the Sun and make food for the plant, using an amazing process called photosynthesis.
Aquatic plants : are plants that have adapted to living in
aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater ). They are
also referred to as hydrophytes or macrophytes . These
plants require special adaptations for living submerged in
water, or at the water’s surface.
The principal factor controlling the distribution of aquatic
plants is the depth and duration of flooding. However,
other factors may also control their distribution,
abundance, and growth form, including nutrients,
disturbance from waves, grazing, and salinity.
One of the largest aquatic plants in the world is the
Amazon water lily ; one of the smallest is the minute
duckweed . Many small aquatic animals use plants like
duckweed for a home, or for protection from predators,
but areas with more vegetation are likely to have more
predators. Some other familiar examples of aquatic
plants might include floating heart , water lily , lotus , and
water hyacinth .
A terrestrial plant: is a plant that grows on or in or from land.
Classification of crops based on life span
Annual, Perennial, Biennial
Annual plants – Plants that perform their entire life cycle from seed to flower
Annual Plains Coreopsis
to seed within a single growing season. All roots, stems and leaves of the plant die annually. Only the dormant seed bridges the gap between one generation and the next.
Biennial plants – Plants which require two years to complete their life cycle.
Perennial Plants – Plants that persist for many growing seasons. Generally the top portion of the plant dies back each winter and regrows the following spring
Perennial Purple Coneflower from the same root system (e.g. Purple Coneflower). Many perennial plants do keep their leaves year round and offer attractive borders and groundcover (e.g. Tickseed, Shasta and Ox-Eyed Daisy).
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