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Civic Education Lesson Note for JSS1 (Second Term) 2024

Civic Education lesson note for JSS1 Second Term is now available for free. The State and Federal Ministry of Education has recommended unified lesson notes for all secondary schools in Nigeria, in other words, all private secondary schools in Nigeria must operate with the same lesson notes based on the scheme of work for Civic Education.

Civic Education lesson note for JSS1  Second Term has been provided in detail here on

Civic Education Lesson Note for JSS1 (Second Term) [year] 1

For prospective school owners, teachers, and assistant teachers, Civic Education lesson note is defined as a guideline that defines the contents and structure of Civic Education as a subject offered at SS level. The lesson note for Civic Education for SS stage maps out in clear terms, how the topics and subtopics for a particular subject, group works and practical, discussions and assessment strategies, tests, and homework ought to be structured in order to fit in perfectly, the approved academic activities for the session.

To further emphasize the importance of this document, the curriculum for Civic Education spells out the complete guide on all academic subjects in theory and practical. It is used to ensure that the learning purposes, aims, and objectives of the subject meant for that class are successfully achieved.

Civic Education Lesson note for JSS1 carries the same aims and objectives but might be portrayed differently based on how it is written or based on how you structure your lesson note. Check how to write lesson notes as this would help make yours unique.

The JSS1 Civic Education lesson note provided here is in line with the current scheme of work hence, would go a long way in not just helping the teachers in carefully breaking down the subject, topics, and subtopics but also, devising more practical ways of achieving the aim and objective of the subject.

The sudden increase in the search for JSS1 Civic Education lesson note for Second Term is expected because every term, tutors are in need of a robust lesson note that carries all topics in the curriculum as this would go a long way in preparing students for the West African Secondary Examination.

This post is quite a lengthy one as it provides in full detail, the Civic Education approved lesson note for all topics and sub-topics in Civic Education as a subject offered in JSS1.

Please note that Civic Education lesson note for JSS1 provided here for Second Term is approved by the Ministry of Education based on the scheme of work.

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I made it free for tutors, parents, guardians, and students who want to read ahead of what is being taught in class.

JSS1 Civic Education Lesson Note (Second Term) 2024




1 Revision of last term work

2 Citizenship

3 Process of becoming a citizenship of a country

4 Right and Duties of Citizens.

5 Differences Between Rights And Duties Of Citizen

6 Importance Of citizens’ rights and duties

7-8 Types Of Human Rights

9 Consequences of non-performance of obligations

10 – 11 Revision

12 Examination


Topic: Citizenship


A citizen is someone who enjoys full political rights in a state and in return performs certain duties to the state. A citizen therefore is a legal member of a state.


Type of Citizenship


  1. Citizenship by birth: this is the situation whereby the parents of the person are

natives in the country or a person born by citizens of a country. For example; a child born by Nigerian parents automatically becomes a Nigerian by birth.


  1. Citizenship by registration or marriage: this occurs when Nigerian male marries for example a Briton (a British) woman. The woman automatically becomes a citizen of Nigerian through registration of marriage.


  1. Citizenship by nationalization: this happens when an alien or a foreigner becomes a

citizen of another country having fulfilled and satisfied the countries conditions to

acquire the citizen of that country as laid down by the constitution of that country. It is a process by which an individual voluntary changes his/her citizenship of a state to that of another in which he or she resides. Some of the conditions that an alien of another country must fulfil are: as follow;


  • Applicant must be an adult acceptable in the community.

  • Applicant must be of good character

  • Applicant must swear an oath of allegiance

*.  Applicant must be able and have been contributing to community and national development and growth.

  • Applicant must have been residing in a particular community in that country for

specific period of time.


  1. Honorary citizenship: from time to time the government of a country have been

honouring distinguished or important person or eminent person with citizenship of that country. For example such icon figures in Nigeria like: Sir Ahmadu Bello, Nnamdi

Azikwe, Chief Obafemi Awolowo have been honoured with citizenship of other countries of the world.


  1. Citizenship by blood ties or decent: citizenship pf a country is also acquired through blood ties. This means that the, fact that a child was born in a particular
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community in the country does not necessarily confer the status of the

citizenship on that person.




Topic: Process of becoming a citizenship of a country

Apart from the means of acquiring citizenship of a country explained above, there are also processes one needs to undertake before becoming a citizen of a country. This process involves conditions that one must satisfy before one can be granted citizenship. Below are the processes involved in acquiring the citizenship of a country.

1.A person seeking the citizenship of a country must have attained the statutory age specified in the constitution.

2.The person must show willingness to live or stay in the country.

3.The person must have resided in the country for a number of years specified in the constitution.

4.The person must have made useful contributions to the social, economic and cultural growth and development of the country.

5.The person must be of good character.


WEEK FOUR: Right and Duties of Citizens.


Rights are privileges or entitlements which the law permits for individual as a citizen of that country.

Rights of citizens include the following:


  • Right to life
  • Right to freedom of movement
  • Right to fair hearing
  • Right to education
  • Right to vote and to be voted for.


Duties are those things and actions which the citizens are expected to do for their country.

  • Payment of taxes, rents and rates
  • Obedience to the laws of the country
  • Voting during elections
  • Defence of their fatherland






1.Rights are what people must enjoy in the country. Duties on the other hand are the compulsory things peoples must do for their country.

2.Rights are given to us by the constitution, whereas, duties are those things expected of the people by the constitution

3.Right are enjoyed by citizens irrespective of sex, religion, tribe and social status. Duties on the other hand are expectations from certain categories of individuals in the society.

4.Our basic freedom is protected by rights; whereas duties are those actions we must perform to enjoy our freedom.




Importance Of citizens’ rights and duties

Here are some of the importance of the rights and duties of citizens

i.Citizens’ rights and duties promote peace and stability in the society.

ii.Citizens’ rights and duties ensure social control for proper organization of the society.

iii.Citizens’ rights and duties encourage due process among individuals and the society at large.

iv.Citizens’ rights and duties encourage discipline by promoting good behavior and manners.

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v.Citizens’ rights and duties ensure obedience to the law.



WEEK 7/8




The rights of Nigerian citizens are classified into three basic categories: namely

a.Civic (individual) rights

b.Economic rights

c.Political rights

Civic Rights

These are the human rights that every person enjoys as residents of the country. They are create an protected by the state for its citizens. These rights enable the citizens to live decent, comfortable lives and enhance their relationship as citizens of the community.

Civic rights include:

i.Right to life

ii.Right to liberty

iii.Right to privacy and family life

iv.Right to dignity of human person

v.Right to fair hearing and judgment


Economic rights

They are rights of citizens to be engaged in a profitable means of livelihood. These economic rights include:

1.Right to adequate  standard of living

2.Right to free choice of employment without discrimination

3.Right to protection against unemployment

4.Right to join and form trade unions

5.Right to free elementary education and health care


Political Rights

These rights specify the natural justice of fairness in law. They include:

1.Right of the accused ; which are:

a.Right to fair trial

b.Right to due process

c.Right to seek re-dress or legal remedy






1.Lack of national progress and development as there will be insufficient finance for vsrious government projects.

2.Breakdown of law and order in the society.

3.Low moral standard and high level of discipline among citizens.

4.High occurrence of prevalence of crime in the society.

5.Unhealthy environment leading to health and environmental pollution

6.Physical punishment or sanction of citizens by the law for disobeying laid down laws

  1. Low investment from foreign investors

8.Inability of government to provide adequate basic amenities for the people

9.Bad leadership as a result of wrong people being voted into power

10.Loss of confidence in the nation.



Hope you got what you visited this page for? The above is the lesson note for Civic Education for JSS1 class. However, you can download the free PDF file for record purposes.

If you have any questions as regards Civic Education lesson note For JSS1 class, kindly send them to us via the comment section below and we shall respond accordingly as usual.